Buckeye Lake, Ohio – October 2020 – Grounded!

A recent trip to Buckeye Lake was planned as a day of sending the drone up for birds eye views, but the weather did not cooperate.

The fog was obscuring the tops of the trees, so that choice was unavailable. But the fog also provided an interesting touch to the ground level photos.

Chicago – History Through Maps and Photographs – Part 1 The World Fairs

As we continue to be restricted to any travel the ‘virtual travel’ series is continuing with some history. This posting will detail the history of Chicago through maps and photographs, and take a look at what it looks like now.

 

In 1840 when New York City already had over 300,000 people, Chicago was just starting as a town with just a few thousand. By 1860 is was in the top 10 with over 100,000, and just 30 years later there was 1.1 million people and Chicago was ‘The Second City’, doubling in population from 1880 to 1890.

 

Celebrating Chicago through World’s Fairs

It was around this time that Chicago decided to make it’s presence known on the world stage by hosting a World’s Fair. Local leaders lobbied hard to land the right to host this fair with the federal government, winning out over New York, Washington and St Louis.

The site chosen, Jackson Park, provided the 600 acres required. The lead architect was the famed Daniel Burnham, who was a proponent of the ‘City Beautiful’ movement.

While most of the buildings were designed and built to be temporary, there are a few that remain to this day.

With all of the buildings built in a neo-classical design and painted the same color, it became known as The White City.

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wce2

 

Getting to the Fair

With the incredible growth of the city from the end of the Civil War to 1890, Chicago’s transit struggled to keep up. Initially private companies had built horse drawn trolleys downtown. In 1892 the first of the famed El’s was completed from 39th Street (Pershing Road) to the Loop. The next year the Chicago and South Side Elevated Railway extended this to the fair site at Jackson Park.

The map below dates from the 1930s but clearly shows the line going south before turning left towards the lake, ending at Jackson Park. (Red Lines denote the El). This company failed not long after the fair ended because there was not enough ridership to maintain financial stability, being sold under foreclosure.

Of note this line was originally not electrified, the coaches were pulled by an engine.

el 1893

 

The Chicago History Center has one of the original cars on display.

2019 02 17 106 Chicago History Center

 

Green Line Train today

Green_Line_at_51st_Street

 

 

Also note the Midway Plaisance connecting Washington Park and Jackson Park (Green strip on map between the parks). This area was the Entertainment section of the park (more on this below).

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Today the Green Line takes a very similar route, although the spur towards the lake only goes to Cottage Grove Avenue, and the southernmost branch is gone.

green line

 

 

As noted in the photo description this is the entrance at the Midway Plaisance.

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The map detail shows some of the highlights of this area, including the famed Ferris Wheel. While there had been a wooden wheel built in Atlantic City in 1891, but it burned down the next year.

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Ferris’s wheel was to be Chicago’s answer to Paris’s Eiffel Tower. It was massive – 264 feet high, with a capacity of 2,160 passengers. So renown was this feature that for many years Ferris Wheel’s were known as ‘Chicago Wheels’

Original_Ferris

World's_Columbian_Exposition_Ferris_Wheel,_Chicago,_United_States,_1893

 

Today Chicago’s Navy Pier has one that, while impressive, is shorter than the original.

2018 10 14 713 Chicago Open House

 

The Midway Plaisance today serves as a park area next to the University of Chicago. There are a few reminders of the fair.

 

 

The grounds and buildings were magnificent.

 

 

The Palace of Fine Arts was one of the few buildings built to remain after the fair.

map

 

It serves today as the Chicago Museum of Science and Industry

2017 12 27 22 Chicago Museum of Science & Industry

 

 

The Statue of the Republic Was the Centerpiece of the Basin.

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While no longer surrounded by water it is one of the few remaining structures from the fair.

2018 09 02 33 Chicago Jackson Park

 

 

 

But Chicago had a second chance at a World’s Fair just 40 years later, when they hosted the Century of Progress, which ran from May 1933 until October 1934, taking the winter off.

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But the city, and world, has had significant change since 1893.

COPparking

 

The Auto Club sponsored ‘Routes’ with fair themed names for automobile travelers to come to the city. In addition they sponsored ‘Motor Villages’, campgrounds and motels on the outskirts of town,.

 

 

Despite the introduction of the automobile, train travel was still the primary way to get to Chicago.

IMG_8422

 

 

This Conoco map shows an Illinois Central Railway Station at the entrance to the fair.

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In addition to the station at the fairgrounds entrance, there were another 6 train stations downtown, including the commuter rail stations.

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Today there are 3, two for the commuter rail and Union Station, and even that station is just a portion of what it was.

1933-New-Union-Station-Building-Canal-Clinton

union station 1

 

Union Station is still very nice, but this grand space above was torn down in 1969.

2019 02 14 37 Chicago Union Station

2019 02 14 17 Chicago Union Station

 

 

Once you were in town the El or streetcar network would take you to where you needed to go.

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El to Fair

 

Including directly to the Fair.

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Welcome to the Century of Progress World’s Fair entrance.

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The skyride took passengers from the main entrance on Columbus Drive to the lake shore. In this photo the Field Museum and the skyline of downtown is clearly visible.

One of the features of the 1933 fair compared to 1893’s is that it was essentially downtown, whereas the Columbian Exposition was a couple of miles south of downtown.

chi-fair24skyride-20120827(1)

 

The 1930s was the height of the Art Deco movement (a favorite of mine), and the advertising for the fair highlighted this.

 

 

The industrialists of the day had major exhibits. GM even built an assembly line.

 

You could see the homes of tomorrow.

1933-34-fair-001

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After the fair an investor purchased the homes and moved them by barge to nearby Indiana, and placed them along the lake shore as an attraction to the community he was building.

Time was tough on the homes, but over the last 20 years or so the state of Indiana has sponsored a program where you can lease them for $1 with the stipulation you fix them up (which costs $1m +). The results are fantastic.

2016 10 15 128 Indiana Dunes Century of Progress Homes

2016 10 15 94 Indiana Dunes Century of Progress Homes

 

 

Many Chicago landmarks were part of the fair including Adler Planetarium

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2018 10 14 607 Chicago Open House

2017 06 03 52 Chicago

 

as well as the Field Museum and Soldier Field.

field museum

2018 10 14 605 Chicago Open House

2017 10 13 91 Chicago

 

 

Chicago has always used their lake shore for the public’s enjoyment, never more so than during the two World’s Fairs. Part 2 of this series in a few days will focus more on the development of the transportation in the city.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Virtual Travel – Washington

Time to visit the beautiful state of Washington.

2016 06 02 106 Oregon Coast.jpg

 

 

History

1957     1958     2004       2006

 

 

State Capital – Olympia. The building is another traditional style set in the small town of Olympia. While it might seem strange that this small city is the capital when Seattle is just 60 miles away, in the early days of the European settlement Olympia was the most important towns, becoming the territorial capital.

WACapitolLegislativeBldg.jpg

 

State Symbol

State Tall Ship – Lady Washington

 

Boeing has a long history in the state, having been founded in Seattle in 1916. The factory in Everett is the largest building in the world by volume, but when you are inside it doesn’t feel that way because of separations. ( 2 photos below from Wikipedia)

Boeing Everett Plant.jpg

 

 

Harold LeMay, a Tacoma refuse company owner, had one of the largest collections of cars when he died in 2000. His collection is displayed in 2 very different museum.

 

 

 

 

Seattle

1975     1978     1982

 

 

Seattle is a beautiful city that has been booming over the last couple of decades.

2017 09 13 293 Seattle

 

 

It is the cultural center of the Northwest.

 

 

The Chihuly Museum has the best art that he has ever created.

 

 

Next door is the Museum of Pop, with an eclectic collection.

 

 

 

 

Mountains

Mt Rainier 1959     1965     1967     1998     Cascades 1970     2003     2006

 

 

Olympic National Park has two major sections, the mountains above Port Angeles, and a rain forest closer to the Pacific Ocean.

The day we chose to go to Hurricane Ridge was a fantastic, sunny day, with views forever.

2017 09 11 68 Olympic National Park WA.jpg

 

Mount Rainier is the postcard of the state. (photo from internet)

Special Offers & Packages | Mt. Rainier National Park Lodging

 

 

With the mountains and abundant rain amazing waterfalls are found throughout the Cascades. (photos from internet)

15 Amazing Waterfalls in Washington - The Crazy Tourist

The Best Waterfall Hikes Near Seattle | Fitt Seattle

 

 

 

Oceans and Rivers

1992- Puget Sound – Lopez Island – Shaw Reef     1994 – Columbia River Gorge     2000 – Sagebrush & Phlox in Columbia River Valley     2002 – Olympic Peninsula     2008 – Skagit Valley Tulips

 

 

The Puget Sound is one of the economic and recreation centers of the state.

 

 

The Pacific Coast is rugged and fairly unpopulated. (photos from internet, but I wish I was there for the bottom one).

The Pacific Coast in Washington State -

 

 

 

 

 

 

Virtual Travel – Tennessee

Welcome to Tennessee.

 

 

State Capital & History

1958     1974     1977     1978     1993     2008     2015     2017

 

 

Nashville is the state capital, with the capitol building dating from 1859.

2015 09 26 279 Nashville TN

 

State Symbols – Tennessee is the ‘leader in the clubhouse’ with over 60 state symbols, including 10 state songs and 3 state trees. Among the most unusual are:

State Cowboy Poet Laureate – David Nelson. A 16 paragraph resolution has identified David ‘Buffalo Bill’ Nelson, a humorist and performer the State Cowboy Poet Laureate.

David Buffalo Bill Nelson

 

The State Bicentennial Rap Song.

TENNE-, TENNE-, TENNES-SEE!
Oh, how proud we are of thee!
Volunteer State since 1812 –
Glad our fathers picked here to dwell!
Presidents, Presidents – proud are we!
Jackson, Polk, and Johnson – three!
Crockett, Forrest, and John Sevier;
Alvin York and Hull lived here!
Baker, Gores, and Kefauver,
Served our country with honor!
U.T., Memphis and Vandy U.,
Tennessee Tech and Sewanee, too!
Appalachian Mountains, mountains high –
Reaching up in the smoky sky!
Tennessee River, flowing through –
We will cross near the Choo Choo!
Dollywood and Walking Horse Show!
Opryland and the Opry Show!
Whisky, whisky – sipping smooth –
Moon, Moon Pies and Goo Goo Goos!
Reelfoot Lake and cotton fields,
Natchez Trace and Civil War fields!
Mocking birds and raccoons grow,
And tulip poplars and iris show!
Bessie Smith and Memphis blues –
W.C. Handy and Elvis, too!
Eastman, Oak Ridge, and TVA –
Nissan, Saturn, and Country Music pay!
Chickasaw, Sequoyah, and Cherokee –
Cumberland Plateau and Mississippi!
BIRTHDAY WISHES ON 200 YEARS –
GIVE TENNESSEE A BIG, BIG CHEER!

 

 

 

As most people know Nashville is the center of country music,, with many tributes and landmarks around the city celebrating this history.

 

 

Memphis – Tennessee’s largest city, and one of the home of the Blues.  (All Memphis photos from the internet)

Relay Memphis

7 Surprising Stops Between Memphis and Franklin | Franklin, Tennessee

Memphis Hotels, Events, & Attractions | Visit Memphis, TN     Memphis travel | USA - Lonely Planet

 

Graceland – Elvis’s home.

Ticket Information | Graceland

 

 

 

 

Bridges & Bi-ways

1972 – Reelfoot Lake     1988     1993     2001 – TN Highway 96 Double Arch Bridge – Natchez Trace Parkway     2002 – Nashville Speedway and Stones River

 

 

Travelling about the Tennessee countryside reveals some unique and quirky sights.

 

 

Lane Motor Museum in Nashville has a great collection of micro cars.

 

 

 

Beech Aircraft Museum in Tullahoma has a fantastic collection of aircraft.

 

 

 

Mountain Roads

1979     1981 – Lookout Mountain     1993     1994     1995 – Greay Creek Bridge on State Route 40 Polk County     2000     2003

 

 

Central Tennessee is home to numerous waterfalls.

 

 

Great Smokey Mountains National Park. Home to some of the tallest mountains in the east, this park was dedicated in 1940. It was created in response to the clear cut logging that was occurring, destroying the area. (Photos from Pintrest)

Great Smoky Mountains National Park to reopen, but not all of it

List of areas to open in Great Smoky Mountain National Park announced

Best Camping in and Near Great Smoky Mountains National Park

 

 

 

Flowery Tennessee

1985     1989     1999 – First Lady Promoting Wildflowers along Freeways     2000 – Cerobala Skyway     2005     2007 – Tennessee State Flower     2011     2013

 

The Tennessee State Flower – the Iris. (photos from internet)

Tennessee State Cultivated Flower | Iris

 

Tennessee Interstate Conservancy

 

 

Nashville’s Cheekwood Botanical Gardens (photos from Pintrest)

Cheekwood Botanical Gardens and Art Museum Tour - Waterfront ...

Cheekwood Estate & Gardens in Nashville

Seasonal Festivals in Nashville | Cheekwood Estate & Gardens in ...

 

 

Roane Mountain near Asheville is home to the largest Rhododendron Garden in the world. (photos from Pintrest)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roan Mountain Rhododendrons - Mountain Vista Pano - Advanced Fine Art

Roan Mountain Rhododendron Report 2016 - Mitchell County Chamber ...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Virtual Travel – South Dakota

Much like the movie North by Northwest, we head to South Dakota.

Cinema South Dakota: North By Northwest 50th Anniversary

 

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Overview

1953     1954     1958     1972     1978     1982

 

State Capital

Pierre is the state capital – the 2nd smallest city in the country to be a capital. (photo from Wikipedia)

State Capitol, Pierre - Tripadvisor

 

State Symbols (photos from State Symbols)

State Animal – Coyote.

About the State of South Dakota: South Dakota Secretary of State

 

State Desert – Kuchen

 

State Bread – Fry  Bread. A Native American food.

Navajo frybread

 

 

Sioux Falls is the largest city in the state

Sioux Falls, South Dakota: Midwestern USA City Escape

Skyline of Downtown Sioux Falls | Visit Sioux Falls | Sioux falls ...

 

 

 

Badlands. This large National Park covers much of Western South Dakota. It’s unique geology makes it an interesting place for photography.

 

Wall Drug – Some tourist traps are too appealing to skip, and Wall Drug has to be at the top of this list. There are signs for Wall Drug along the interstate for 300 miles either side of the town.

 

 

Corn Palace – This Moorish designed building is one of a kind, with the exterior and interior walls covered by murals made from corn.

 

Murdo – Pioneer Auto Museum. This town is about 1/2 way across the state, making it a good stop to stretch your legs. The Pioneer Auto Museum is a quirky place with cars, truck,s farm vehicles and other kitsch scattered about through barns and buildings.

 

 

 

 

Mt Rushmore

1960     1964     1971     1996     2013     2015

 

Easily the largest tourist attraction in the state is Mount Rushmore. The artist who designed them is Gutzon Borglum. It is one of those attractions that when you first see it you say ‘yep that is what it looks like in the pictures’, but with closer inspection it is an amazing accomplishment.

 

The nearby Black Hills have a number of great places to visit as well.

 

Nearby is the Crazy Horse Memorial.

The Memorial to Crazy Horse Has Been Under Construction For Almost ...

 

 

 

 

Virtual Travel – Oklahoma

Today’s stop is Oklahoma.

2019 05 29 44 Shattuck OK

 

In the early 1800s the United States government was taking over Native American land at a fast pace. One of the concepts they came up with for the people they were displacing was to create ‘Indian Territory’ in the middle of the country. The map below shows how the area that was to become the state of Oklahoma was divided up amongst the various tribes.

Okterritory.png

 

In 1889 the government was going to open up the area in the middle that was ‘unassigned’. The plan was to allow people to head for this land at noon on April 22, 1889, however a number of people took off early, despite a ‘sooner clause’ stating anyone who did would be denied land. Originally the term Sooner was derogatory, but now it is embraced by most Oklahomans.

In downtown Oklahoma City there is a large statue collection celebrating that day.

 

 

Oklahoma became a state in 1907. The current State Capitol building was completed in 1917, and has the unique feature of a working oil well on the grounds.

 

 

Unusual state symbols of the day

Official State Caricature Artist – Teresa Farrington

 

State Monument – Golden Driller – This guy is huge – 76′ tall.

The Golden Driller monument in Tulsa, Oklahoma

 

 

Native Americans

1958     1991     1993

Government State Oklahoma 1958.jpg

 

 

The Native American culture is celebrated far and wide throughout Oklahoma. The largest celebration is the Red Earth Festival.This multi day cultural event includes a parade. (photo from Wikipedia)

 

 

Everywhere you go you see signs of the Native culture. Many are excellent tributes, but some are a bit more commercial (like the gas stations with tepees).

2015 09 23 61 Oklahoma City OK

 

 

 

 

Nature

1975     1977     1983     1985     1986     2009     2011

 

Oklahoma is mostly a vast plains.

2019 05 29 178 Jet OK

 

Oklahoma is known as the center of tornado alley, having suffered from numerous deadly tornadoes each year. The National Weather Center is located in Norman, and has a collection of weather collecting devices on display.

 

There are a few areas that aren’t flat plains, like Gloss Mountain.

 

 

There are also hills in Southeastern Oklahoma. (photo from Pintrest)

Aerial View of the Kiamichi Mountains-Southeast Oklahoma-The ...

 

As you travel around the state you come across a number of random sights.

 

 

 

 

Transportation

1980     1995     1996     2008    2011

 

 

Wait, was it left on 28 or right on 82….

2019 05 30 28 Langley OK Pensaolca Dam

 

 

Oil is big business in Oklahoma, once home of Phillips Petroleum.

2019 05 29 288 Bartlesville OK

 

 

Darryl Starbirds’ National Rod and Custom Hall of Fame is located in far eastern Oklahoma. Well worth going out of your way to get there.

 

Grand River Dam.

2019 05 30 17 Langley OK Pensaolca Dam

 

 

 

 

Cities and Towns

1999    2001    2003     2005     2007     2015

 

 

Oklahoma City is the state capitol, and largest city (not by much – Tulsa is nearly as large). It is a nice city, with a decent downtown, and a hipster neighborhood called Bricktown.

 

 

Tulsa – As noted, Tulsa is nearly as large as OKC. It has long been a center of the oil industry.

 

Tulsa has always been a center of the music scene, with the ‘Tulsa Sound’. Eric Clapton is such a fan, most of his band is usually made up of Tulsans.

tulsa, cains ballroom

 

Bartlesville was the headquarters of Phillips Petroleum. It is home to a landmark Frank Lloyd Wright skyscraper.