Virtual Travel – New Jersey

Welcome to New Jersey – my usual first views of the state are landing at Newark airport, for better or worse.


At the other end you can take a ferry from Delaware.

1988 06 14 2 Ocean City-Cape May.jpg





1955     2000     2002/2003/2004



The New Jersey State Capitol is in Trenton. (Photo from Flickr)


The unusual state symbols of the day include:

State Colors – Jersey Blue and Buff. This dates from the Revolutionary War when Washington assigned the colors to the regiments of the New Jersey Continental Line. It is thought he chose these because New Jersey (as well as New York) were settled by the Dutch, and those colors are the Netherlands colors.



State Tall Ship – A.J. Meerwald. This ship, built in 1928, is featured on maps below. It is a Oyster Schooner.



Officially known as the New Jersey State House, the building was completed in the 1790s, behind the capitols in Maryland and Virginia.

New Jersey State Capital | State capitals, Capitol building, Building




Let’s visit some other cities in the state starting with Atlantic City. It’s main business since being started in the 1850s has been tourism. It was marketed to the crowded city folks in New York and Philadelphia as a healthy resort on the ocean.

By the 1870s more than 500,000 people a day made their way to Atlantic City. By the early 1900s it had large hotels lining the coast, along those streets whose names have been made famous by the board game Monopoly, as well as the notoriety from the Miss America Pagent.

The mayor of the time quoted during Prohibition ‘we have whiskey, wine, women, song and slot machines. I won’t deny it and I won’t apologize for it.’



By the 1970s it had fallen on hard times, so they introduced legalized gambling. These photos show the rebirth in the 1980s, but the convention hall still being the showpiece.


Today it is similar, only with so many cities introducing gambling, the city has one again fallen on hard times. (photo from NJ public radio)

What do you think of when you think of Atlantic City?


Much of the Jersey Shore (not beach or coast) has some cool/kitschy features, but the best is easily Lucy the Elephant in Margate. This 140 year old elephant still brings in the tourists.






Jersey City – The second largest city in New Jersey has the good fortune of being located just across the Hudson River from lower Manhattan. While the city has had it’s ups and downs, peaking out at 316,000 people in 1930, it dropped down to a low of 223,000 by 1980. This reflected the exodus of people from New York City as well, as everyone was headed to the suburbs.

Since then though, with significant renewal of the waterfront area the population has gone back up to 265,000, and continues to grow.

2019 08 08 28 New York City



Just upriver Hoboken is experiencing a similar rebirth, but retains the fabulous Hoboken Terminal for New Jersey Transit Trains, and ferries to Manhattan.

2018 04 30 22 New York City

2019 06 11 38 New York City





Statue of Liberty

1983     1986


It is interesting that New Jersey has featured the Statue of Liberty on the cover of some of the maps, as technically it is in New York. The island that the statue sits on is in New Jersey water, but is a federally owned island that belongs to Manhattan.

This is a result of a dispute dating (amazingly) from 1664, that stated the New Jersey borders did not extend to the middle of the river, or bay. In 1834 the US Congress did set the boundary in the middle of the waterways, however specifically exempted Liberty Island, stating it would remain in New York. This was held up in 1908 by the Supreme Court, and again in 1987 when New Jersey sued to take control of the island. Clearly these maps from 1983 and 1984 were when Jersey was confident the island would once again be theirs.


Ellis Island however is much simpler, it is in New Jersey. So all those ancestors of ours who were so proud to step of the boat onto New York, really set foot in New Jersey.

Interestingly it is connected to New Jersey by a bridge that is not open to the public, just park service personnel.

Those immigrants – unless you were headed to New England, you were herded onto barges and sent to the train stations in Jersey City and Hoboken, having never set foot in New York.

2018 05 30 40 New York Ellis Island



Liberty State Park in Jersey City is along the mainland near both islands. The park is on an area that was once large rail yards, with the centerpiece being the Jersey City Terminal of the Central Railroad of New Jersey. This building dates from 1889, and is currently undergoing renovations (for years).

2018 05 29 179 Jersey City NJ Liberty State Pkark.jpg


2018 05 29 181 Jersey City NJ Liberty State Pkark.jpg




Outdoors in New Jersey

1988     1990     1992     2007  Holgate    2009     2012/2014/2015  AJ Meerwald

Government State New Jersey 2007



Sandy Hook is a spit at the far northern end of the Jersey Shore, sticking out into New York Harbor. It is home to a vacant military facility, but is now a vast park, including large areas of natural settings with views across the harbor to Brooklyn and Manhattan.

2014 09 14 Sandy Hook NJ 4.jpg2014 09 14 Sandy Hook NJ 10.jpg

2014 09 14 Sandy Hook NJ 7.jpg

2014 09 14 Sandy Hook NJ 6.jpg




New Jersey Palisades.  This geological feature along the Hudson River just north of New York City has been protected since 1900, as the industry of the times were blasting it away for crushed stone. (all photos in this section

The Palisades: a National Natural Landmark.








Virtual Travel – Massachusetts

The Massachusetts Bay Colony was established in 1628, with the initial towns being located in Salem and Boston. This colony was established 8 years after the Plymouth Colony, but the name they chose stuck.

The state has numerous locations of historical importance, but it does not live in the past. With colleges like MIT it is at the forefront of technology.

But you have to travel to get around the state so we start with:


1971 – 1999 – 2012  Transportation in Massachusetts


According to some statistics Massachusetts drivers are statistically the worst drivers in the country.  But if you leave the hotel at 5 AM on a Saturday you get a tunnel that looks like this…

2010 05 14 Boston 161.jpg



Instead of this….

2010 07 09 Boston 1.jpg


2012 08 25 3 Boston.jpg



Boston does have an extensive subway system.

2016 08 31 97 Boston.jpg


2010 05 14 Boston 5.jpg



There are two major train stations in the city, including South Station

2010 07 10 Boston 48.jpg


2010 07 10 Boston 47.jpg



Logan Airport is just 3 miles from downtown Boston, but it is across the harbor.

2014 05 31 Boston Road Trip 20.jpg


The MTA also has a fleet of ferry boats, however most are very small.

2010 05 14 Boston 151.jpg


2010 05 14 Boston 144.jpg




2009  History in Massachusetts

Government State Massachusetts 2009


As previously noted, Massachusetts has a lot of history. Below is a actor playing the part of Paul Revere


2019 08 04 26 Boston



Salem – House with 7 Gables

2014 05 31 Boston Road Trip 87.jpg


2014 05 31 Boston Road Trip 53.jpg



Salem Harbor

2014 05 31 Boston Road Trip 70.jpg



Lowell – Historic Cotton Mills

2019 08 02 113 Lowell MA National Historic Park.jpg



2019 08 02 128 Lowell MA National Historic Park.jpg




2001 & 2007 – Boston



Boston is a city where the latest is next door to the historic.

2016 09 02 3 Boston Early Morning.jpg


2019 08 04 98 Boston.jpg



2019 08 04 2 Boston.jpg



2010 05 14 Boston 147.jpg


2019 08 04 9 Boston.jpg



2009 06 18 Law School Road Trip Day 3 Boston 31.jpg


Historic Waterworks

2018 05 27 101 Boston Waterworks Tour.jpg



2018 05 27 48 Boston Waterworks Tour.jpg



2012 06 22 Day in Boston 44.jpg


North End

2019 08 04 19 Boston.jpg



2019 08 04 21 Boston.jpg



Fenway Park – the legend

2010 05 14 Boston 69.jpg


2010 07 10 Boston 3.jpg



2010 07 10 Boston 33.jpg



2018 05 27 29 Cambridge MA MIT Tour.jpg


2019 08 04 216 Cambridge MA MIT.jpg


2018 05 27 2 Cambridge MA MIT Tour.jpg



Boston Main Library

2016 09 01 140 Boston Main Library.jpg



2016 09 01 134 Boston Main Library.jpg




2003 – 2011  Cape Cod & The South Shore


The Massachusetts coast has numerous small towns with harbors.

2014 05 31 Boston Road Trip 113.jpg



Plymouth Rock – pure fiction, but pure American.

2016 08 31 61 Plymouth MA.jpg



2016 08 31 73 Plymouth MA.jpg



2016 08 31 62 Plymouth MA.jpg



2016 08 31 70 Plymouth MA.jpg



Cape Cod National Seashore

2016 08 31 7 Cape Cod.jpg


2016 08 31 9 Cape Cod.jpg


2016 08 31 50 Cape Cod.jpg


2016 08 31 13 Cape Cod.jpg


Shack where the first transatlantic cable terminated. At one time this was high tech.

2016 08 31 11 Cape Cod.jpg








Virtual Travel – Hawaii

Because of the uniqueness of Hawaii I have no state highway maps in my collection. For this trip we will use a National Geographic Map from 1976.

Having spent an amazing 3 weeks in the islands, there are plenty of photos of the highlights. As a result this is a very long posting full of photos.


National Geographic Hawaii 1976 12.jpg




National Geographic Hawaii 1976 1.jpg



Hawaii – The Big Island. Covering over 4000 square miles, it is slightly smaller than Connecticut.

National Geographic Hawaii 1976 5.jpg



Big Island HI Pu’uhonua O Honaunau National Historic Park

2018 11 13 21 Big Island HI  Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historic Park.JPG


2018 11 13 26 Big Island HI  Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historic Park.JPG


2018 11 13 31 Big Island HI  Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historic Park.JPG



Big Island South Point

2018 11 13 96 Big Island HI  South Point.JPG


2018 11 13 106 Big Island HI  South Point.JPG



Southernmost point of any U.S. State – take that Key West

2018 11 13 115 Big Island HI  South Point.JPG



Green Sand Beach

2018 11 13 133 Big Island HI  Green Sand Beach.JPG



Black Sand Beach

2018 11 13 169 Big Island HI  Punalu'u Black Sand Beach.JPG


2018 11 13 182 Big Island HI  Punalu'u Black Sand Beach.JPG



Volcano National Park

2018 11 14 36 Big Island HI Volcano National Park.JPG


2018 11 14 66 Big Island HI Volcano National Park.JPG


2018 11 14 67 Big Island HI Volcano National Park.JPG


2018 11 14 84 Big Island HI Volcano National Park.JPG


2018 11 14 131 Big Island HI Volcano National Park.JPG



Kaimu Bay

2018 11 15 9 Hilo HI Kaimu Bay Lava Flows.JPG


2018 11 15 24 Hilo HI Kaimu Bay Lava Flows.JPG



McKenzie Park

2018 11 15 35 Hilo HI MacKenzie Park.JPG



Hilo – One huge banyan tree

2018 11 15 56 Hilo HI Rainbow Falls.JPG



Akaka Falls

2018 11 15 64 Hilo HI Akaka Falls.JPG



Hilo (again)

2018 11 15 92 Hilo HI Liliuokalani Gardens.JPG


2018 11 15 145 Hilo HI.JPG



Waipio Valley

2018 11 16 4 Waipio Valley HI.JPG



Pololu Valley Overlook

2018 11 16 35 Pololu Valley Overlook HI.JPG




2018 11 16 52 Kapaau HI.JPG



Kona Cultural Festival

2018 11 17 84 Kona HI Coffee Festival.JPG


2018 11 17 102 Kona HI Coffee Festival.JPG



Off Kona

2018 11 18 64 Kona HI Cruising off the coast.JPG


2018 11 19 119 Kona HI.JPG


2018 11 19 152 Kona HI.JPG






National Geographic Hawaii 1976 6.jpg


Views from the water

2018 11 20 4 Lahania Maui HI.JPG


2018 11 20 9 Lahania Maui HI.JPG


2018 11 20 45 Lahania Maui HI.JPG


2018 11 20 48 Lahania Maui HI.JPG


2018 11 20 116 Lahania Maui HI.JPG


2018 11 20 109 Lahania Maui HI.JPG




2018 11 20 144 Lahania Maui HI.JPG


2018 11 20 160 Lahania Maui HI.JPG



More coastal Maui views

2018 11 22 66 Maui HI.JPG


2018 11 22 10 Maui HI.JPG


2018 11 24 98 Molokai to Maui HI.JPG


Iao Valley

2018 11 24 132 Molokai to Maui HI.JPG



Haleakala National Park

2018 11 25 5 Haleakala National Park.JPG


2018 11 25 8 Haleakala National Park.JPG


2018 11 25 26 Haleakala National Park.JPG


2018 11 25 52 Haleakala National Park.JPG


2018 11 25 67 Haleakala National Park.JPG



Kahekill Highway

2018 11 25 117 Kahakuloa HI Oceanfront Road.JPG


2018 11 25 135 Kahakuloa HI Oceanfront Road.JPG


2018 11 25 163 Kahakuloa HI Oceanfront Road.JPG



Waimoku Falls

2018 11 26 13 Haliakala National Park Waimoku Falls .JPG


2018 11 26 19 Haliakala National Park Waimoku Falls .JPG


2018 11 26 27 Haliakala National Park Waimoku Falls .JPG




2018 11 26 52 Hana HI Waianapanapa State Park.JPG


2018 11 26 65 Hana HI Waianapanapa State Park.JPG


2018 11 26 71 Road to Hana HI.JPG


2018 11 26 84 Maui HI North Shore.JPG



Kahului Hi Hui No’eau Visual Arts Center

2018 11 27 65 Kahului HI Hui No'eau Visual Arts Center.JPG



Makai Glass Company

2018 11 27 78 Kahului HI Makai Glass.JPG



Dingking Surfboard Company

2018 11 27 105 Kahului HI Dingking Surfboards.JPG




Molokai and Lanai

National Geographic Hawaii 1976 3.jpg



2018 11 21 27 Lanai HI.JPG


2018 11 21 57 Lanai HI.JPG


2018 11 21 79 Lanai HI.JPG


It was once massive plantation, so the landscape has been altered to support the sugar crops.

2018 11 21 141 Lanai HI.JPG



Lanai cat sanctuary

2018 11 21 153 Lanai HI.JPG


2018 11 21 170 Lanai HI.JPG


2018 11 21 176 Lanai HI.JPG


2018 11 21 196 Lanai HI.JPG




2018 11 21 222 Lanai HI.JPG



2018 11 21 230 Lanai HI.JPG



2018 11 21 248 Lanai HI.JPG





2018 11 23 9 Molokai.JPG



Drive to the far eastern end of the island

2018 11 23 33 Molokai.JPG


2018 11 23 46 Molokai.JPG



Halawa Valley

2018 11 23 55 Molokai.JPG


Native leader

2018 11 23 74 Molokai.JPG


2018 11 23 85 Molokai.JPG


2018 11 23 99 Molokai.JPG


2018 11 23 118 Molokai.JPG



2018 11 23 175 Molokai.JPG


2018 11 23 178 Molokai.JPG


2018 11 23 182 Molokai.JPG



Tallest seacliffs in the world – 3000′ high.

2018 11 24 29 Molokai to Maui HI.JPG



2018 11 24 61 Molokai to Maui HI.JPG





National Geographic Hawaii 1976 10.jpg


Ka’ena Point

2018 11 10 20 Honolulu.JPG


2018 11 10 40 Honolulu.JPG



Makaha Valley

2018 11 10 49 Honolulu.JPG



Honolulu, Waikiki Beach & Diamond Head

2018 11 10 78 Honolulu.JPG


2018 11 10 82 Honolulu.JPG


2018 11 10 85 Honolulu.JPG


2018 11 11 25 Honolulu Tantalus Overlook.JPG


2018 11 11 35 Honolulu Tantalus Overlook.JPG


2018 11 11 43 Honolulu Tantalus Overlook.JPG


Waiahole Preserve & Kaneohe

2018 11 11 55 Honolulu Pali Overlook.JPG


2018 11 11 101 Kaneohe HI Ho'omaluhia Botanical Gardens.JPG



North Shore Oahu

2018 11 11 147 Oahu HI North Shore.JPG


2018 11 11 150 Oahu HI North Shore.JPG


2018 11 11 156 Oahu HI North Shore.JPG



Dole Pineapple Plantation

2018 11 11 241 Wahaiwa HI Dole Plantation.JPG


2018 11 11 242 Wahaiwa HI Dole Plantation.JPG


2018 11 11 245 Wahaiwa HI Dole Plantation.JPG



Back in Waikiki

2018 11 11 284 Honolulu.JPG


2018 11 11 305 Honolulu.JPG


2018 11 12 29 Honolulu Diamond Head.JPG



View from Diamond Head

2018 11 12 50 Honolulu Diamond Head.JPG



Iolani Palace

2018 11 12 73 Honolulu Ali'iolani Hale.JPG


2018 11 12 85 Honolulu Iolani Palace.JPG



Hawaii State Capitol

2018 11 12 185 Honolulu State Capital.JPG



Aloha Tower in Honolulu Harbor

2018 11 12 222 Honolulu Pier 8.JPG



Makapu’u Overlook

2018 11 12 231 Oahu South Shore.JPG



One final night in Waikiki

2018 11 12 291 Honolulu Waikiki.JPG


2018 11 12 315 Honolulu Waikiki.JPG







National Geographic Hawaii 1976 4.jpg


Waimea Canyon

2018 11 28 8 Kauai HI Waimea Canyon.JPG


Kalalau Lookout

2018 11 28 30 Kauai HI Waimea Canyon.JPG



Waimea Canyon

2018 11 28 58 Kauai HI Waimea Canyon.JPG


2018 11 28 81 Kauai HI Waimea Canyon.JPG


2018 11 28 116 Kauai HI Waimea Canyon.JPG



Polihale State Park and Beach

2018 11 28 151 Kauai HI.JPG


2018 11 28 133 Kauai HI Polihale State Park.JPG



Waimea State Park Beach

2018 11 28 188 Kauai HI.JPG


Opeaka’a Falls

2018 11 29 7 Kauai HI.JPG



Rainbow Trees

2018 11 29 20 Kauai HI.JPG



Wailua Homesteads

2018 11 29 28 Kauai HI.JPG



One of the million wild chickens in Hawaii

2018 11 29 43 Kauai HI.JPG



Cocoa beans

2018 11 30 18 Kilauea HI Garden Valley Chocolate Farm.JPG






Virtual Travel – Georgia

We make our way north from Florida for the next stop on the Virtual Tour to Georgia. As with most states the cities are very different from the rest of the state, but nowhere is this more pronounced than Georgia. During our time living there we would say we didn’t live in Georgia, we live in Atlanta.

Still there is much to the state outside of Atlanta. With the Piedmont in the north and the beaches in the south, there is plenty to see and do in Georgia.

The oldest map in the collection is from 1949.

Government State Georgia 1949.jpg




1953 – The Georgia State Capitol in Atlanta is featured on the cover. This building was completed in 1889, having been built to support the move of the state government from Milledgeville after the war.

Government State Georgia 1953.jpg




The reverse side contains city maps, including downtown Atlanta. Note the first portion of the Downtown Connector has been completed, with plans for the Northwest and Northeast Expressways.

Government State Georgia 1953 3.jpg


Downtown Connector – 1955 & 2019. That’s what happens when the metro population goes from 1 million to 6 million in a little over 60 years.

Atlanta, Georgia - 1955    Atlanta, Georgia, ranks No. 4 for most aggressive drivers - Curbed ...



Sailing has been featured a couple of times. Left 1966, Right 1982

Government State Georgia 1966        Government State Georgia 1982



Atlanta Skyline on the maps – 1968 & 2009. In 1968 there were 3 buildings in Atlanta over 400′ tall. Today there are 39.

Government State Georgia 1968.jpg        Government State Georgia 2009

1968 Skyline

Skyline 1968


2019 Skyline (photo by Curbed Atlanta)




1970 – Unidentified country scene

Government State Georgia 1970.jpg




1972 – Forsyth Fountain in Savannah

Government State Georgia 1972.jpg


The same fountain in 2020 (photos – Visit Savannah Tourist Website)


Savannah is a historic city with beautiful parks and antebellum architecture.

Travel Guide: Things to Do in Savannah, GA - Rachael Ray In Season



1976 – Bicentennial Map.

Government State Georgia 1976.jpg



The backside of the 1976 map details Georgia’s role during the revolution. Note the state encompassed the area that is now Alabama and Mississippi.

Government State Georgia 1976 2.jpg




1980 – View from the top of Amicalola Falls. These watefalls are the highest in Georgia, with a drop of over 700′.

Government State Georgia 1980.jpg


Same view 40 years later (photos from Wikipedia)


Main cascade




1983 – Road construction in the colonial times.

Government State Georgia 1983.jpg




1984 – State Route 2 in far northeastern Georgia. While much of the state has had dramatic growth, Northeastern Georgia looks much the same.

Government State Georgia 1984.jpg



1989 – Celebrating Georgia’s most famous crop – peanuts.

Government State Georgia 1989.jpg


Believe it or not they now do ‘Peanut Tours’





For 1993 and 1993 the map was produced by Southern Living Magazine, resulting in nondescript scenes.

Government State Georgia 1993       Government State Georgia 1996.jpg


The Georgia coast, while short, has a number of highlights including Tybee Island (photo from visittybee website)

Visit Tybee Island | The Official Guide to Tybee Island, GA


Jekyll Island was once the winter home to the very rich. Today many of the ‘cottages’ remain.

Jekyll Island Club Resort | Jekyll Island – Georgia's Vacation ...




2002 and 2003 highlighted Georgia’s other famous crop – peaches. Ironically despite being the Peach State Georgia ranks #4 in peach production behind, amazingly, New Jersey!

California grows more peaches than the rest of the country combined.

Government State Georgia 2002.jpg       Government State Georgia 2003.jpg



2007 – Not happy kids at a Horticultural Center.

Government State Georgia 2007.jpg




2008 – Lake Lanier. This massive lake is a result of the damming of the Chattahoochee River in 1956. The lake provides water for Atlanta, although the downriver states (Florida and Alabama) are constantly arguing with Georgia about the water rights.

Government State Georgia 2008.jpg



With suburbia having reached the shores, there is also a constant battle to preserve the undeveloped areas.

Lake Lanier | Official Georgia Tourism & Travel Website | Explore ...




2011 – Blackstock Vineyards and Winery in Dahlonega

Government State Georgia 2011.jpg


Dahlonega is a cool little town in the mountains of North Georgia. Originally a center for a gold rush, the town has relied on tourism for 100 years. (photo from Pintrest).

Related image




2013 – A $6 million dollar bridge to Fort Benning, complete with a fountain that can turn itself off if it is too windy. Fort Benning has the population of a medium sized city, with over 100,000 people.

Government State Georgia 2013.jpg




For 2015 & 2016 rural scenes returned.

Government State Georgia 2015.jpg        Government State Georgia 2017.jpg







Virtual Travel – Florida

I have had the opportunity to travel many places outside of the United States. When I speak with people in foreign countries and ask if they have ever been in the United States, those that answer yes usually have been to two places – New York City and Florida.

Florida is another state I have been to only a few times, and then mostly for Spring Training baseball. This posting will once again depend on the internet for additional photos.

Since the late 1800s Florida has been the east coast place to go to escape winter. Our virtual tour starts with the 1948 map.

Florida has had population growth that rivals the western states. In 1948 there were about 2.5 million people living in the state; today there are about 22 million, making it the 3rd most populated state.

The cover of the 1948 map is showing the Overseas Highway – U.S. Route 1. This road travels 113 miles from the southern tip of the Florida peninsula to Key West.

Originally a railroad route, it was partially destroyed in a 1935 hurricane. When the Florida East Coast Railway was unable to afford to rebuild, they sold the bridges and roadbed to the state of Florida, where it was eventually rebuilt as a highway.

Government State Florida 1948


This photo from the South Florida Sentinel newspaper gives a good aerial view of one section of the road.

The Overseas Highway to Key West was ranked as one of the best scenic drives in the world. (Pisa Photography/Shutterstock)



The backside of the 1948 map has a cartoon map featuring many of the attractions of the state. While there has been tremendous growth, many of these features are still there.

Government State Florida 1948 4.jpg



Government State Florida 1948 3.jpg




The 1954 edition shows a beach scene, most likely from the Miami Beach area. By the 1950s the Art Deco area was thought of as old, and new ‘modern’ development was taking over.

Government State Florida 1954


This photo shows the main street in Miami Beach, Collins Avenue, in 1954

Post image




1963 – A creative approach, the beach has been formed in the shape of the state.

Government State Florida 1963


Our 1963 additional photo is from the Castaways Bar in Miami Beach – corutesy of Pintrest.

Castaways Bar ~ Miami Beach 1963




1965 – More beach scenes.

Government State Florida 1965



Most of the 1970s were generic, unidentified scenes.

Government State Florida 1970   Government State Florida 1973


1971 and 1972 used the same map, just adding 1972 to the later one.

Government State Florida 1971



For the American Bicentennial in 1976 Florida looks back at the nearly 400 years since the Spanish first landed in what became the state.

The Spanish arrived in 1513 when Ponce de Leon landed near St Augustine. He named the area la Florida in honor of Spain’s Easter time celebration Pascua florida (feast of the flowers).

St Augustine is proud of the fact they are the oldest continuously inhabited (European descent) city in the Western Hemisphere, having been established in 1565.

Government State Florida 1976


St Augustine’s most famous historic site is Castillo de San Marcos, a Spanish stone fortress built more than 300 years ago. Photo from



The nondescript maps continued through the rest of the 1970s.

Government State Florida 1977.jpg      Government State Florida 1979.jpg



1983 – Cape Canaveral has always been the home of manned space flight launches, so when the Space Shuttle program started in 1981, it was natural that they launched from here as well.

Government State Florida 1983



1985 – Cape Florida Lighthouse at Key Biscayne in Miami. This lighthouse was originally built in 1825.

Government State Florida 1985.jpg




1991 – The Sunshine Skyway. This bridge crosses lower Tampa Bay, spanning a distance of over 4 miles. The towers rise over 400 feet above the water level, with the road deck being 180′ high.

The original bridge was built in 1954 as a two lane bridge. In 1969 an additional span was added. In 1980 a freighter hit the bridge, causing a collapse that killed 35 people as their cars and a bus plunged into the bay. Afterward they decided to replace both spans with the new bridge. Note the large barriers in the water to prevent this from happening again.

Government State Florida 1991.jpg



Once again in 1993 and 1994 Florida used the same cover.

Government State Florida 1993.jpg



In the early 2000s Florida sold out totally and included advertising on the cover of their maps as each one had a happy family at Universal Studios.

Government State Florida 2001.jpg       Government State Florida 2002.jpg


Government State Florida 2004.jpg       Government State Florida 2005.jpg


Universal Studios in Florida  was designed from the start to be both a working studio and an amusement park. Today it is the 6th most visited park in the United States (the 5 ahead of it are all Disney parks).

Universal Studios Florida - Harry Potter




2006 – Finally some love for northern Florida. This view of Jacksonville shows the John Alsop Bridge and the Wells Fargo Center.

Government State Florida 2006.jpg




2009 – Sea World is featured. This park opened in 1973, not long after Disneyworld.

Government State Florida 2009.jpg



Since 2010 all Florida maps have the happy families at the beach. This has been their meal ticket for 150 years, and will continue to be forever.

Government State Florida 2010.jpg       Government State Florida 2011.jpg


Government State Florida 2012      Government State Florida 2013.jpg



Government State Florida 2014.jpg       Government State Florida 2016.jpg


Government State Florida 2017.jpg       Government State Florida 2018.jpg


All these maps and not one mention of Spring Training baseball. While there are still a number of teams training in Florida, the ones below have been lost to Arizona.


Vero Beach – Los Angeles Dodgers

2007 03 10 13 Los Angeles Dodgers Spring Training Vero Beach Florida.jpg



Sarasota – Cincinnati Reds

2007 03 09 32 Cincinnati Reds Spring Training Sarasota Florida.jpg




Lake Wales – Cleveland Indians

2007 03 09 37 Cleveland Indians Spring Training Winter Haven Florida.jpg




Among those still there

Bradenton – Pittsburgh Pirates

2007 03 09 2 Pittsburgh Pirates Spring Training Bradenton Florida.jpg



Viero – Washington Nationals

2007 03 08 10 Washington Nationals Spring Training Viero Florida.jpg



Kissimmee – Houston Astros

2007 03 06 Houston Astros Spring Training Site Kissimmee Florida 10.jpg



Disneyworld – Atlanta Braves

2007 03 02 Atlanta Braves Spring Training Disney 50.jpg



And finally – Lakeland – Detroit Tigers

2007 03 04 1 Detroit Tigers Spring Training Lakeland.jpg







Brooklyn – September 2019 – A Day at the Beach

A sunny Sunday in the city – a perfect time to go to Coney Island.

Even though it was warm the beach was almost vacant.

As was the boardwalk.

A perfect time to stop for some Nathan’s Hot Dogs.

Back on the boardwalk we met a zombie baseball team.

There is currently a large collection of very unique murals on walls placed around a common space. The artists came from all over the world.

It was time to get back on the train to Manhattan….

But not before stopping at the Brighton Beach station where the MTA museum was running a number of vintage trains.

A great way to spend a few hours at the beach – Brooklyn style.

Galveston, Texas – May 2019 – Beach and Bay

Galveston is located on an island, just off the Texas coast. While there is a major freeway crossing the bay onto the island, we chose the more interesting route by taking the ferry from the Bolivar Peninsula.

The Gulf of Mexico was angry this day, with a very rough surf, and red flag warnings for all to stay out of the water.

One the ocean side of Galveston there are the typical beach town activities such as an amusement pier.

One of the fishing piers shows how rough the surf was.

A monument to the victims of the 1900 storm is on the beach.

The bay side of Galveston is all business. An off shore oil rig construction company is located on the mainland side.

The Houston Ship Channel is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the country.

The tall ship Elissa is located in Galveston. Built in 1877 it sailed under Norwegian and Swedish flags before being located in Galveston and after extensive restoration, is used for tourist and training of young would be sailors.

Another view of Galveston Harbor.

Like Morgan City, Louisiana, Galveston has a historic offshore oil rig. Unlike Galveston, this one has much corporate sponsorship. We passed since we had seen the ‘real thing’ a couple of days earlier.

One harbor was filled with shrimp boats.

Galveston has always been a point of origination for cruise ships, as was evidenced as one was in port ready for departure.

Hawaii – November 2018 – Day 19 Kauai and the Grand Canyon of Hawaii

We flew from Maui through Honolulu to Kauai on a Tuesday evening. Using google maps we made our way to our hotel, which took us past the shipping docks to who knows where.

The following morning we were up and on our way before sunrise. After about an hour and a half, and a quick breakfast in Waimea, we made our way up to Waimea Canyon.

We were greeted by the official bird of Hawaii – the rooster.




We made our way through the park until we reached the famed Kalalau Overlook. If it looks familiar, it should, it was used in Jurassic Park.

We are about 4000′ above the ocean at this point.




Look closely you will see the helicopter well below in the valley.




The other highlight of the area is Waimea Canyon.




Waipo’o Falls cascades into the canyon.






From a distance you can see why it has the nickname Grand Canyon of Hawaii.

It is immense, especially given how small the island is overall. This area of Kauai is one of the most beautiful I have ever seen, and well worth the trip.





We made our way back down to the coast, and found this dirt road that continued in the direction of the bluffs we had just been on.




Eventually we reached the end of the road and found this amazing secluded beach with a view of Ni’Hau.




The waves, while not as impressive as what was in Maui, still made a great ‘Hawaii Five O’ look.




But it was the view of the cliffs that made the dusty ride worthwhile.




On our return trip to Lihue we stopped by the site of a Russian Fort, which was near the town of Waimea. Just down the hill from this fort a river ran into the ocean making some great sand dunes.




Further along the coast we found Salt Pond Park and Beach. Nearby pools produce the famed Hawaiian sea salt, but the beach was more picturesque.




Our final stop of the day was at Kauai Coffee. Very touristy, but amusing.




They claim to have 4 million coffee trees, and near the visitor center you can take a walk amongst them.




They also had some displays on how the beans are dried. These are for show, as this is a large commercial processing facility (that does not offer real tours of the plant).




Remember that drive in the dark – it was much better in the sun!




An amazing view at the Menehune Fishpond, literally a mile from our little hotel. The moral of this view is don’t always trust first impressions, the hotel and the views were spectacular – you just have to go through the cargo shipping area when you come from the airport.





Hawaii – November 2018 – Day 7 North Big Island back to Kona

Day 7 started out with breakfast at Ken’s House of Pancakes – enough breakfast we didn’t have lunch. When in Hilo, stop at Kens 🙂

About an hour north of Hilo we arrived at Waipii’o Valley Overlook. The valley is 2000′ deep, with great sea cliffs just beyond.




A waterfall comes out of nowhere along the cliffs.




Hawaii has a number of micro climates, with the landscape looking very different. Once we passed Waimea (Cowboy Capital of Hawaii), it all of a sudden switched from rain forest to ‘Central California hills’.




Our next stop was one of the highlights of the island  – Polulu Valley Overlook. With a bit of a hike down and toward the ocean, the view south was stunning. I realize after 7 days there are a lot of ‘cliffs and ocean’ photos, but this is one of the best spots.




The town of Kapaau is famous as the birthplace of Kamekameha. It is celebrated with a statue of him. Legend has it that this statue was made for placement in Honolulu but it was lost in a shipwreck, so they made a replacement.

Locals in Kapaau believed it was karma as they felt Honolulu should not have the statue since he is from their town. The original was recovered from the sea and sent to Kapauu.






Kapaau is a nice little Hawaiian town.




On the way back to Kona we stopped at the Hamakua Macadamia Nut Factory.




Some of their processing is located here where you can check out people preparing the nuts.






We left with plenty to last us the rest of the trip.




As we neared Kona, we headed 3000′ up a mountain (and from 86 degrees to 67 degrees) to the Mountain Thunder Coffee Plantation.




Kona is famous for their coffee, and this nice small family business gave us a tasting and a tour.




The beans after the first step of processing.




The coffee trees are grown on top of lava shoots, which provides the unique chemical balance that makes Kona coffee what it is.





Hawaii – November 2018 – Day 6 Hilo

Day 6 started with some rain as we made our way down the mountain towards Hilo. As we drove along in the rain to our first destination I found the Apple Maps (the rental car has Apple Car Play) can let you down.

It had me turn on this ‘street’, which after about a mile I decided to give up, and back up until I could turn around. It is literally at the edge of town, so we weren’t way out in the middle of nowhere.




Eventually we reached the town of Kalapana, about 20 miles south of Hilo, and Kaimu ‘Beach’. At one time it was a black sand beach, but in 1990 a lava flow overtook the beach and filled the entire bay.

As noted yesterday many believe that Hawaii is an independent Kingdom, not part of the U.S., especially for any new land that wasn’t part of the U.S. acquisition.




This lava flow had some large cracks in it when it cooled.




We are standing ‘in the bay’ looking back towards town.




Further down the road is where the Spring 2018 lava flow wiped out 700 houses. While I feel bad for the people and their loss, who builds their house in the path of a volcano that has been flowing nearly continuously for 100 years or more.




Yet here they are again, already popping up these little houses on the freshly cooled lava.




Returning the other direction along the coast, we passed through some great forests.





Eventually we reached MacKenzie State Park. Note the fisherman climbing the precariously placed ladder on the left and his fishing pole on the right. I am not sure what he is catching, but I hope it is worth it.




On another recent lava flow people have placed Cairns made out of coconuts and leaves instead of the traditional rock piles.




But it did lead to another great coastal view.




Returning to Hilo, we went to Wailuku River Park, and found this impressive Banyan tree.




The highlight of the park is Rainbow Falls. If you are there in the morning you will most likely see a rainbow, but it was afternoon so alas, we only saw the waterfall.




About 20 miles north of Hilo is Akaka Falls. The hike down was through another ‘jungle’, although this one was nicely paved.




At 442′ high it is one of the tallest waterfalls in America.




There are even small waterfalls coming out of the rocks to the side of the main falls.




The falls in located near the town of Honomu.




Interestingly many small Hawaiian towns are built in the ‘old west’ style, albeit much more colorful.




Once again we had a great view from our hotel, facing west across Hilo Bay towards the mountains (obscured by clouds in this photo).




Next door was Lili’uokalani Park and Gardens. The site was donated by Queen Lili’uokalani, with the park being built in 1917 in the Edo style Japanese Gardens.

It is thought to be one of the best in the world outside of Japan.




Well maintained with beautiful trees and landscaping.




Along with some sculptures.




I am not sure what these are known as so I called them Bonsai Palms.




The park was very relaxing, and a great way to end the day.






Many of the native trees have really cool, funky looks to them.






Chillin’ on Coconut Island.







Our hotel grounds were directly on the bay.




As the sun was setting the last of the days flights were arriving. The airport was nearby, and the flight path brought the planes down the coast with a hard left turn just before the field. The clouds and setting sun added to the look.




Another great Hawaiian sunset. Note that Manua Loa has come out of the clouds in the background.




With that it was time for dinner, with entertainment.