Virtual Travel – Utah

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Welcome to Utah – the land of immense beauty and strange liquor laws.

We spent a week touring the National Parks in 2015 – they are all amazing, as well as the other scenery in the state.

 

History

1945     2002     2013

 

 

Salt Lake City – The capital and largest city in Utah, Salt Lake City is the center of the commercial aspect of the state.

The State Capitol is your typical building. It was completed in 1916, 20 years after Utah became a state. (photos from Wikupedia)

Utah State Capitol

 

State Symbols

The State Bird is a California Gull! They are credited with saving the crops in 1848 by eating the crickets that were eating the crops. (photos from statesymbols.org)

 

State Cooking Pot – Dutch Oven

 

 

 

 

 

Golden Spike – The point where the Transcontinental Railroad was completed in 1869.

 

 

Hovenweep – A well maintained early Puebloan village in far southeastern Utah.

 

 

National Parks

1953 – Arches     1958 – Bryce     1963 Zion – Virgin River     1967 – Canyonlands – Angel Arch     1972 – Zion     1974 – Canyonlands Angel Arch     1979 – Bryce – Aqua Canyon     1995 – Bryce     2011 – Canyonlands

 

 

Zion National Park

 

 

Bryce National Park

 

 

Capital Reef National Park

 

 

Arches National Park

 

 

Canyonlands National Park

 

 

Natural Bridges National Monument (one step down from a National Park)

 

 

 

More Outdoors

1964 – Big Cottonwood Canyon     1965 – Lake Powell Rainbow Bridge     1970 Calf Creek Lower Falls     1971 – Monument Valley     1977 Manti-La Sal Forest     1986 – Eagle Canyon     2000 – Unidentified     2007 – Dirt Devil River Slot Canyon

 

Southwest Utah

 

 

Escalante & Devil’s Garden

 

Eastern Utah

 

 

Mexican Hat in Far Southeastern Utah. The great dirt road is Moki Dugway, dropping 1100′ in 3 miles of a dirt road. It was fantastic!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Virtual Travel – Michigan

Welcome to Michigan.

 

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Great Lakes

Michigan is known as the Great Lakes States, and the plethora of road map covers featuring them is evidence of the importance to the state.

Maps – 1947 – Lakeshore     1968 – Soo Locks     2000 – Lighthouses     2001 – Great Lakes Great Times     2010 – Fishtown in Leland     2012 – Unidentified Small Harbor

 

Bordering 4 of the 5 Great Lakes gives Michigan 3,288 miles of shoreline – more than any state other than Alaska. With that much shoreline, they have a large collection of lighthouses.

Below are two from the Lake Michigan area near Ludington.

 

Below photos are from various internet sources

Big Sable Point Lighthouse, Michigan at Lighthousefriends.com Lighthouses of the U.S.: Michigan's Western Lower Peninsula

Beautiful Lighthouses in Michigan Worth a Visit | Michigan

Point Betsie Lighthouse Lake Michigan Canvas Print

3 Michigan Lighthouses To Receive State Preservation Grants – CBS ...

 

 

Transportation in Michigan

Maps – 1951 – Unidentified Country Road     1974 – Modes of Transportation     1975 – Interstate 75     1993 – Boats and Cars     2005 – 100 Years of Michigan Transportation

For more than 100 years Michigan has been the automobile manufacturing capital of the world.

 

 

Detroit area map from 1951 – before freeways. Detroit, and other midwest cities, were the first cities in the world built with the car in mind.

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Most of the main roads are multi-lane, with very wide median strips to enable ‘Michigan Lefts’.

In virtually the entire world there are left turn lanes, and protected by traffic light left turns. In Michigan where  there is a boulevard, there are no left turns – rather you turn right, immediately jump over to the left laen, do a U turn, and go on your way.

How the 'Michigan Left' turn became a thing

 

This photo from the Woodward Dream Cruise shows the northbound traffic, with a U turn to return to Marshall Street Westbound . Also note the No Left Turn sign at the intersection itself.

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Michigan has a long history of railroads throughout the state. While much of the passenger traffic is gone there are still some nicely restored stations throughout the state.

 

In the small town of Hickory Corners is the Gilmore Car Museum. Built across a campus like a small town, they have a fantastic collection of American cars, plus numerous buildings that have either been moved there or built there to recreate the original.

Below are some examples, a diner moved from Connecticut, and the Cadillac dealership.

The Sinclair station is in a nearby town.

 

 

Grosse Pointe is a wealthy suburb of Detroit. Each year they the Great Lakes Boating Festival at the Grosse Pointe Yacht Club.

 

 

 

 

 

Parks

Maps – 1965 – Douglass Houghton Waterfall     1980 – Au Sable River     1989, 2011, 2014 – Sleeping Bear Dunes     2009 – Roadside Parks     2013 – Pictured Rocks National Seashore Cruise     2016 – Isle Royal National Park

There are a number of National Park Service locations in the state.

 

 

Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. It spans 35 miles of Lake Michigan shoreline, and has dunes over 200′ high.

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Tahquamenon Falls State Park is in the Upper Peninsula. There are two waterfalls in the park, with the upper falls dropping 48′, with a width of 200′ making this one of the highest volume waterfalls east of the Mississippi River. It’s nickname is Rootbeer Falls, due to it’s color.

 

 

Grand Marais is at the eastern end of Pictured Rocks National Seashore.

 

 

Pictured Rocks is one of the most dramatic locales in the east.

 

 

 

Variety  

1970 – Winter in Michigan     1976 – Bicentennial     2003, 2006, 2018 – Collages of Seasons and Regions

 

 

Frankenmuth is a faux German town. It is a huge tourist spot.

 

 

Grand Rapids is the second largest city in the state, far behind Detroit.

 

Meyer May House is a classic Frank Lloyd Wright design located in Grand Rapids.

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Also in Grand Rapids is the Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park.

 

 

Battle Creek had a forest of trees killed by the emerald ash borer disease. Rather than just clear cut them, they had a number of carvers come turn it into something special.

 

 

Marquette is the largest city in the Upper Peninsula. It is also home to Northern Michigan University. With the long, cold, snowy winters they have opted for a domed football stadium. This one is special as it is primarily wood.

 

 

The Upper Peninsula people (affectionately known as Yoopies) are a unique bunch, with a creative side.

 

 

 

Bridges

1971 – History of Bridges     1984, 1997, 2007, 2017 – Mackinac Bridge

 

Government State Michigan 1970 1.jpg

 

The Mackinac Bridge is the most famous bridge in the state. It connects the Lower Peninsula to the Upper Peninsula.

 

Among the others in the state is the Ambassador Bridge between Detroit and Windsor, Ontario, Canada

 

Sault Ste Marie International Bridge Arch Greeting Card for Sale ...

 

In Battle Creek they have a park where they take all the old obsolete county road bridges and used them in the hiking/biking trail.

 

 

 

 

Detroit – 1973, 1978, 2015

 

 

Tiger Stadium – Home of the Detroit Tigers from 1912 until 1999. It sat empty for 10 years before the city tour it down – but not without much fight from the community.

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It was replaced by Comerica Park.

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The Detroit Institute of Art has an amazing Diego Rivera mural depicting the industrial life of the city in the 1930s.

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The Guardian Building in Detroit is one of the best art deco skyscrapers in existence.

 

 

The Fisher Building is another great art deco building.

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Detroit is Motown.Unfortunately many of the auto factories have long closed like this massive former Packard factory.

 

 

The Woodward Dream Cruise is the largest classic car gathering in the world. It occurs each August in the suburbs just north of Detroit.

 

 

Detroit is home to one of the most important New Car Shows as well.

 

 

Henry Ford spent much of his fortune on building Greenfield Village. He moved actual buildings in (like the Wright Brothers Bicycle Shop) to build the town.

 

 

 

1987 – Mackinac Island

Government State Michigan 1987.jpg

 

This entire island became Michigan’s first state park in the late 1800s.

Main Street (from Wikipedia)

A street, surrounded on both sides by two- and three-story buildings. One person is riding on horseback in the middle of the street, while others are walking on the sidewalk. Bikes are parked at the curb.

 

Hotel

A grand escape awaits at the Grand Hotel on Mackinac Island

 

 

 

1996 – State Capitol

Government State Michigan 1996.jpg

 

Lansing is Michigan’s state capital.

State Flag

Flag of Michigan

 

State Seal

Great seal of Michigan

 

State Wildflower – Dwarf Lake Iris

Dwarf lake iris (iris lacustris)

 

State Children’s Book – Legend of Sleeping Bear

Book cover: The Legend of Sleeping Bear

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Virtual Travel – Kentucky

Today’s visit is to Kentucky, and the vast horse culture that exists there. But there is far more to Kentucky than horses.

The first map in our journey dates from 1942. Interestingly the state highway map  was contained in a booklet that gave tourist information based on the roads of the day.

Government State Kentucky 1942.jpg

 

The most famous of these roads was the Dixie Highway. Originally part of the National Auto Trail system in the very early 1900, the Dixie Highway modeled itself after the Lincoln Highway in that private promoters lead the effort to build it.

When the federal government took over the route it was assign along U.S. 25 through most of Kentucky. The route was dotted with motels and restaurants for the travelers headed from the Midwest to Florida. When the interstates came along I-75 replaced it.

(photo from Pintrest)

336 Best Louisville, KY! My home! images in 2020 | Louisville ...

 

 

 

1947 – A Mountain Road.

Much of Eastern Kentucky is in the Appalachian Mountains. This is coal country, with winding roads going up and down the mountains.

Government State Kentucky 1945.jpg

 

1960 – Another mountain overlook.

Government State Kentucky 1960

 

The mountains make numerous appearances on the cover of the map. Left to right – 1997 – 1986 – 2015.

 

Today the vast majority of the roads are still twisty two lane routes.

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Appalachia has had tough times for decades now, with most of the population long ago heading north for jobs in factories. Today few coal mines still exist, most have closed leaving relics behind.

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Kentucky is horse country. It is estimated that nearly 100,000 jobs in Kentucky depend on horses. It is the number 1 producer of thoroughbreds in the nation.

This fact is celebrated on numerous map covers including this 1945 map.

Government State Kentucky 1945_renamed_21135.jpg

Horse Farms were also featured in 1968, 1988, 1989 and 2007.

 

In 2019 we had the opportunity to visit Claiborne Farms near Paris, Kentucky. The horses are beautiful, and the grounds immaculate.

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Bridges

This 1949 map features Eggner’s Ferry Bridge. This bridge was completed in 1932, and decommissioned in 2016. A new 4 lane bride has replaced it.

Government State Kentucky 1949.jpg

 

With the Ohio River bordering the entire northern side of Kentucky there are a number of impressive bridges linking the state to it’s neighbors.

The new cable stayed bridge at Owensboro was featured in 2003.

Government State Kentucky 2003

 

 

Louisville – Second Street Bridge, also known as the George Rogers Clark Memorial Bridge.

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Covington (to Cincinnati) – Roebling Bridge.

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Maysville. Simon Kenton Bridge – Completed in 1931.

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1955 – Kentucky Colonel.

More than just chicken, a Kentucky Colonel is an actual title of honor that the governor of the state can issue to individuals.

Prior to the 1930s very few people were made Kentucky Colonels, but the governor of the time greatly accelerated the number including one Harland Sanders – hence the name of the founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC).

Government State Kentucky 1955.jpg

 

To this day if you find yourself in Corbin, Kentucky you can stop by the original Sanders Cafe for some fried chicken. (photo from tripadvisor.com)

Birthplace of Kentucky Fried Chicken in Corbin, Kentucky ...

 

 

For the mid 1960s Kentucky still showed their southern side with a lawn jockey and a plantation house being featured.

 

 

 

1966 – Daniel Boone. Boone was born in Pennsylvania and spent a great deal of time in Virginia before arriving in Kentucky. It was here his actions became lore.

Government State Kentucky 1966.jpg

 

 

 

The 1970s featured the Kentucky Parkways. The state was ahead of their times in building additional freeways to augment the interstates that were in the state. They did this in the form of toll roads.

Despite the names the Parkways do not prohibit truck traffic.

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Horse Race Trumpeter – 1973, 1974 & 1975

In the days before electronic amplification they had to have a way to notify the jockeys it was time to come to the starting gate, hence the trumpeter. The song they play is called ‘First Call’, a military march.

Santa Anita Trumpeter

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Churchill Downs Trumpeter

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1979 – Man o War

Government State Kentucky 1979.jpg

 

When people make a list of the greatest race horses of all time there are really only two, Secretariat and Man o War. Secretariat is Man o War’s grandson.

How good was Secretariat. He still holds records 40 years later. The photo below from the legendary Belmont that he won by 31 lengths!

A Tremendous Machine: Secretariat in the Belmont | America's Best ...

 

Man o War was just as impressive. In 1920 he was co-athlete of the year with Babe Ruth

Article Image

 

Man o War has a statue at the Kentucky Horse Park

Man O' War Racehorse Statue in Kentucky Horse Park, Lexington ...

 

Seretariat’s statue is at Keeneland.

Secretariat Statue @The Racing Hall of Fame | Horses, Beautiful ...

 

Both are representative of the best of Kentucky Horse Racing. Along with the great thoroughbreds are great tracks.

The two best are Churchill Downs in Louisville and Keeneland in Lexington.

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Keeneland

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1982, 1983 and 1983 – State Parks. While they look very similar there are slight variations to the covers.

 

2013 and 2017 returned to the parks.

 

Kentucky has a number of nice state parks with lodges. This is Cumberland Falls Park Lodge.

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1992 – Kentucky Bicentennial

Government State Kentucky 1992.jpg

 

 

1998 – Cumberland Gap & Tunnel

Government State Kentucky 1998.jpg

The Cumberland Gap is a pass in the Appalachian Mountains, at the point where Kentucky, Virginia and Tennessee come together.

It was the first primary route over the mountains for the early settlers. For millenia bison had used the pass to make their way back and forth for feeding. The folklore of Daniel Boone was enhanced by his effort to blaze a trail through the mountains.

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Today a twin tube tunnel makes the pass much easier to traverse. Each tunnel is 4600′ long.

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The Cumberland Gap National Park has some very scenic overlooks.

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2000 – Scenic Byways

 

There are 10 Scenic Byways in Kentucky.  These byways take you to the less traveled parts of the state for some unique sights like…

Nada Tunnel. That small hole in the bottom of the hill is indeed a tunnel for auto traffic.

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2004 – Paris Pike. This stretch of highway was a very dangerous 2 lane road. When the decision was made to expand to 4 lanes the Department of Transportation worked with many to come up with an aesthetically pleasing but functional road.

Government State Kentucky 2004.jpg

 

The road leads from Lexington to Paris. The town of Paris is the center of the thoroughbred farms. It is a very picturesque town, complete with a mini Eiffel Tower.

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2005 – State Capitol

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The State Capitol is in the small town of Frankfort. The current Capitol was completed in 1909.

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The grounds are very well groomed and include a floral clock.

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The former capitol is down in the middle of town.

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Just outside of town are some bourbon distilleries that were built more than 100 years ago, shuttered, and recently re-opened. It makes for a very cool environment.

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Nearby is the city of Lexington, home of the University of Kentucky.

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The city is home to a vast array of murals, some of the best we have seen.

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2006 – Cumberland Falls

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2008 – Lincoln in Kentucky

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2009 & 2010 – Equestrian Games

 

 

2011 – Corvette Museum

Government State Kentucky 2011.jpg

 

The Corvette Museum is in Bowling Green.

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2014 – Old Friends Retirement Home. While some race horses live a pampered life being set out to stud, many do not. In 2003 Boston Globe movie critic Michael Blowen lead an effort to open this farm for retired race horses.

Government State Kentucky 2014.jpg

 

 

 

2016 – Mammoth Caves

Government State Kentucky 2016.jpg

 

The longest cave system in the country, Mammoth Cave has more than 400 miles of surveyed passageways. Photo from tourist website as I am terrible with cave photography.

Mammoth Cave: An Underground Attraction That Sparked a War in ...

 

 

2018 – Culinary Trail. The most famous culinary trail in Kentucky is the Bourbon Trail.

Government State Kentucky 2018.jpg

 

While we didn’t do the entire trail we did tour the Jim Beam Distillery.

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This storage facility burnt in a fire in 2019.

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Virtual Travel – Colorado

Colorado is another of my favorite states. With it’s towering mountains and sunshine it is a majestic place.

Our visit starts with a 1948 Colorado map. Much like many of the western states Colorado was a very different place 70 + years ago. When this map was published there was less than 1.2 million Coloradans. Today it is nearing 6 million.

Government State Colorado 1948.jpg

 

 

The state is filled with amazing natural wonders. The backside of the 1948 map details many of these.

Government State Colorado 1948 2.jpg

 

 

 

 

Colorado however is not all mountainous. In fact the eastern 1/3, including Denver, is located on the high plains. It is most impressive where the plains reach the mountains, as in this scene where the newly completed Denver to Boulder Turnpike shows.

The turnpike was opened in 1951, just in time to make the cover of this 1953 map.

Government State Colorado 1953.jpg

 

These photos from 2012 show a similar scene.

2012 07 04 8 Boulder CO

 

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As we move into the 1960s the cover scene is Maroon Lake, near Aspen.

Government State Colorado 1964.jpg

 

Founded as a mining camp for the Colorado Silver Boom, Aspen later found the real money was in snow – for skiing. Around the time this map came out Aspen was becoming a destination for the rich and famous, resulting in some of the most expensive real estate in the country. The photo below is representative of the wealth in Aspen, with a line of private jets at the airport – in the summer!

2012 07 06 5 Aspen.jpg

 

 

Buttermilk Mountain – where I learned to ski a lifetime ago, as part of a group trip with a bunch of people from Chicago. Nothing like being 22 years old, crashing down a mountain in the day and partying in Aspen at night. There were about 15 people in a house designed for 8, but it worked.

2012 07 06 11 Aspen.jpg

 

As you leave Aspen heading due east you cross Independence Pass. This pass is closed in the winter because of the heavy snow, but is beautiful in the summer.

2012 07 06 19 Independence Pass Colorado.jpg

 

 

Independence Pass – the treeline is very clearly in evidence here as you peak out at 12,095 feet – 3686 meters to my metric friends.

2012 07 06 51 Independence Pass Colorado.jpg

 

 

 

The mountain scenes continue in 1965 with Berthoud Pass. The pass is named for Edward Berthoud, the chief surveyor for the Colorado Central Railroad in the 1870s.

As with most roads through the mountains in Colorado, the routes were originally blazed by the railroads.

Government State Colorado 1965.jpg

 

 

 

 

For 1966 and 1967 unidentified mountain scenes grace the cover.

Government State Colorado 1966.jpg           Government State Colorado 1967.jpg

 

 

It isn’t hard to find great mountain scenes in Colorado – this view is going up Mt Evans.

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The mountain scenes continues throughout the 1960s and 1970s

Government State Colorado 1968.jpg        Government State Colorado 1969.jpg

 

Government State Colorado 1970.jpg      Government State Colorado 1971

 

Government State Colorado 1972.jpg      Government State Colorado 1973

 

 

All of the maps from this era featured the state symbols on the reverse side.

Government State Colorado 1974.jpg        Government State Colorado 1974 2

 

 

 

Colorado is known as the Centennial State, as it was admitted to the Union in 1876. The country’s bicentennial year in 1976 was more special for Colorado as the state celebrated it’s 100th anniversary.

The cover of this year’s map shows just how tough it was for those early travelers.

Government State Colorado 1976

 

This view of Interstate 70 through Glenwood Canyon shows how much easier travel is today. This section of Interstate is known as an engineering marvel, it’s design took into consideration the flora and fauna, and natural surroundings, while providing a much needed transportation route through the mountains.

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The late 1970s continued the mountain scenes.

Government State Colorado 1977.jpg    Government State Colorado 1979

 

 

 

Denver is featured in 1978. One of America’s great cities, Denver has a feel like no other – very young and energetic.

Government State Colorado 1978.jpg

 

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Union Station is a classic train station. It has been remodeled since these photos were taken in 2010.

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Denver International Airport – the roof represents the mountains of Colorado.

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Aspen is again featured in 1987.

Government State Colorado 1987.jpg

 

 

 

For 1988 Garden of Gods is on the cover, with Pike’s Peak in the distance.

Government State Colorado 1988.jpg

 

 

We made a stop at the Garden of the Gods in 2012…

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In 2012 there were a number of very large forest fires impacting Colorado. On the afternoon we visited Garden of the Gods the first rain in weeks had just occurred, a huge thunderstorm that soaked everything. The entire state smelled of a campfire that had just been put out with water. Not only did it greatly aid in the forest fires, but it gave the wildlife a much needed drink.

2012 07 06 295 Garden of the Gods Colorado

 

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Telluride is another ski town that has a number of tourists in the summer for the ranch life.

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Coincidentally the next Colorado map in my collection is from 1997, and again features the area around Telluride.

Government State Colorado 1997.jpg

 

 

 

Pawnee Buttes is featured in 1999. This geologic feature is not located in the mountains, rather it is located in far northeastern Colorado on the prairies.

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The landscape is mostly flat, until you come across this area.

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Rising out of the prairies are two 300′ high buttes.

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The buttes are a result of erosion of the surrounding high plains.

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Chautauqua Park in Bolder is on the 2002 cover. The Chautauqua society was an adult education movement from the late 1800s.

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Boulder is home to the University of Colorado. Situated at the base of Boulder Mountain, it is a great little city with some impressive parks.

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Interestingly there was a second edition map printed in 2002 featuring Lake Isabelle.

Government State Colorado 2002.jpg

 

 

 

Mesa Verde National Park is the 2003 subject.

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Mesa Verde is not only a national park, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It has some of the best Ancestral Puebloan archaeological dwellings in the United States.

For thousands of years the area was inhabited by Paleo Indians. There are over 600 cliff dwellings in the park, including the one featured here – The Cliff Palace.

A visit in 2015 gave lots of photo ops at this amazing place.

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Some people apparently can’t read….

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In addition to the regular road map Colorado for a few years published an Educational Map, highlighting areas that can be used as a teaching opportunity for young people.

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We had the opportunity to observe rafters on the Arkansas River during a trip on the Royal Gorge Scenic Railroad…

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The Royal Gorge Bridge. Built as a tourist attraction in 1929 as the world’s highest bridge, suspended 955 feet above the river. It held this title until 2001.

It is still the highest bridge in the United States, although it is primarily a pedestrian bridge.